The European Neighborhood Policy (ENP), launched in 2004, is a unified European Union (EU) policy framework towards the EU neighboring (ENP) countries. The objective of the ENP is to strengthen the prosperity, stability and security of the EU and the ENP countries. Even though the ENP is distinct from the process of EU enlargement, the ENP countries operate under conditions of “neighborhood Europeanization”. The objective of the paper is to evaluate the strengths and the weaknesses of the ENP against the backdrop of its trade component. It does so by providing a deep and comprehensive empirical analysis of the geography of trade relations (i.e. the size, the composition and the direction of exports and imports flows) between the EU and the ENP countries. The findings of the paper illustrate the emerging patterns of trade relations among the EU and the ENP countries, allowing for the provision of specific policy recommendations regarding the ENP and, in particular, its trade policy component.
Petrakos G., Kallioras D., Artelaris P., and Tsiapa M., (2013) 'The Geography of Trade Relations between the EU and the ENP Countries: Emerging Patterns and Policy Recommendations', Discussion Paper Series, DPRD - U.Th., 19(1):1-34.